Will goat milk be an alternative for children who are allergic to cow’s milk?
Allergy is an abnormal reaction to the immune system due to certain substances called allergens. There are various allergens around the child, such as food, medicine, insects, and others. Cow’s milk is one of the common allergens found in children.
If a child who is allergic to cow’s milk does not intentionally consume allergens, then a mild to severe reaction may appear. Avoiding the consumption of cow’s milk is the key to preventing the reaction.
But this is certainly a dilemma problem for parents, because milk is one of the components that are considered important to meet the nutritional needs of children. Various ingredients in milk such as protein, fat, calcium, and vitamin D are important for child growth.
Calcium is needed for the growth of bones and teeth, muscles and nerves, as well as the immune system. Meanwhile, the absorption of calcium by the body will be optimal when there is vitamin D in sufficient quantities.
Given that the nutrients in milk are beneficial to children, many parents are looking for alternatives to cow’s milk. Not a few parents who try to give goat milk to children who are allergic to cow’s milk. However, is it true goat milk is the right alternative for children who are allergic to cow’s milk?
In fact, the protein structure of cow’s milk and goat’s milk is very similar. Similarity of protein structure that makes goat milk is not safe for patients with cow milk allergy. Children with cow’s milk allergy can still experience reactions-including severe reactions (anaphylaxis) – while consuming goat’s milk.
The best alternative for cow’s milk allergy is breast milk (breast milk).
So it can be said that goat milk is not the right alternative for cow’s milk allergy children, because of the similarity of the protein structure in both types of milk. When consuming goat’s milk, children with cow’s milk allergy can still experience a reaction, including anaphylaxis.